PROTACs and Targeted Protein Degradation

 

( PROTACおよび標的となるタンパク質の分解 )

The ubiquitin-proteasome system (UPS) is a well-controlled, selective mechanism for intracellular protein degradation and turnover, and it acts as a key regulator in cancer, CNS and other diseases. However, the multi-step processes involved and the diversity of substrates make it difficult to target the UPS. Proteolysis-targeting chimeric molecules (PROTACs) are a group of engineered hetero-bifunctional chemical entities that bind to the target and ligase to mediate ubiquitination and subsequent protein degradation. Like PROTACs, other chemical entities and molecular glues, using varied mechanisms-of-action, are being developed to trigger targeted protein degradation. These approaches have a lot of potential in seeking out previously “undruggable” protein targets for applications in drug discovery and for developing new therapeutic modalities. However, some challenges do exist in terms of stability, biodistribution and penetration of these molecules in vivo. Cambridge Healthtech Institute’s conference on PROTACs and Targeted Protein Degradation will bring together a diverse group of chemists and biologists to discuss the prospects, as well as, the challenges underlying strategies for targeted protein degradation. This will be preceded by a conference that discusses emerging ubiquitin and autophagy targets for therapeutic intervention.

RECOMMENDED PREMIUM PACKAGE:
Choose 2 Short Courses and 2 Conferences/Training Seminars
September 16 Pre-Conference Short Course: SC6: Biochemistry and Pharmacology of the Ubiquitin-Proteasome System
September 17-18 Conference: Emerging Ubiquitin and Autophagy Targets
September 18 Dinner Short Course: SC9: Targeted Protein Degradation Using PROTACs, Molecular Glues and More
September 18-19 TS3: Introduction to Small Molecule Drug Discovery and Development

Final Agenda

9月18日(水)

11:20 am Conference Registration Open


PLENARY KEYNOTE PROGRAM
Click here for full abstracts.

12:20 pm Event Chairperson’s Opening Remarks

An-Dinh Nguyen, Team Lead, Discovery on Target 2019, Cambridge Healthtech Institute

 

12:30 Plenary Keynote Introduction

Anjan Chakrabarti, Vice President, Discovery Chemistry, Syngene International Ltd

12:40 Base Editing: Chemistry on a Target Nucleotide in the Genome of Living Cells

David R. Liu, PhD, Howard Hughes Medical Institute Investigator, Professor of Chemistry & Chemical Biology, Harvard University

 

 

1:20 PROTACs: Past, Present, and Future

Craig M. Crews, PhD, Professor, Chemistry; Pharmacology; Molecular, Cellular & Developmental Biology; Yale University

 

 

2:00 Close of Plenary Keynote Program

2:00 Dessert Break in the Exhibit Hall with Poster Viewing

トランスレーショナル研究の課題克服に向けた取り組み

2:45 Organizer's Welcome Remarks

2:50 Chairperson’s Opening Remarks

Peter Dragovich, PhD, Staff Scientist, Discovery Chemistry, Genentech

2:55 Translating Cellular Degradation Insights to in vivo Models

Fisher_StewartStewart Fisher, PhD, CSO, C4 Therapeutics

Targeted protein degradation, through the use of heterobifunctional degraders that act as catalytic activators for an E3 ligase and target protein, has the potential to transform drug discovery. This talk will discuss the application of an enzymology framework to characterize cellular degradation data and the extension of these insights to pharmacodynamic modeling and predictions.

3:25 FEATURED PRESENTATION: Targeting the Undruggables Using PROTACs

Wang_ShaomengShaomeng Wang, PhD, Warner-Lambert/Parke-Davis Professor of Medicine, Pharmacology and Medicinal Chemistry; Co-Director, Molecular Therapeutics Program and Director, Cancer Drug Discovery Program, University of Michigan

I will present our recent efforts to design potent, selective and highly efficacious degraders to target STAT3 (signal transducers and activators of transcription 3), a classical undruggable target by small molecules. In vitro and in vivo data demonstrate that our most promising STAT3 degrader is highly potent and effective in inducing degradation of the STAT3 protein and demonstrates absolute selectivity over other STAT members. It achieves complete and long-lasting tumor regression in multiple xenograft models in mice at well tolerated dose-schedules.

Life-Sensors_tagline 3:55 Novel Approaches to PROTAC Drug Discovery

Dahmane Ouazia, PhD, Business Development Manager, LifeSensors, Inc.

Karteek Kadimisetty, PhD, Assistant Director, Research & Development, LifeSensors, Inc.

Current methods for PROTAC drug discovery are inefficient and full of artifacts. We developed a plate-based methodology for rapid screening of PROTAC-mediated protein ubiquitination, a true measure of PROTAC drug effect. This method is faster, more reproducible and requires less starting material than already used Western blotting and reporter assays.

 

 

4:10 Sponsored Presentation (Opportunity Available)

4:25 Refreshment Break in the Exhibit Hall with Poster Viewing

5:00 Pharmacokinetics Related Challenges of PROTACs

Upendra Dahal, PhD, Senior Scientist, Pharmacokinetics and Drug Metabolism, Amgen, Inc.

PROTACs are bifunctional molecules, designed to bind with target protein and E3 ligase to degrade protein of interest by hijacking cell’s ubiquitin proteasome system. Several challenges remain in designing optimal PROTACs that has good PK properties to show efficacy in vivo. For example, PROTACs have high MW (beyond rule of 5), low permeability and low oral bioavailability. This presentation will focus on pharmacokinetics related challenges of PROTACs to share/discuss/improve PK properties of PROTACs.

5:30 Targeted Protein Degradation Enters the Clinic: Insights From ARV-110 and Other PROTAC® Degraders

Bekes_MiklosMiklos Bekes, PhD, Research Investigator, Platform Biology, Arvinas, Inc.

The orally bioavailable, androgen receptor-targeted PROTAC protein degrader ARV-110 entered Phase I clinical trials for metastatic, castration-resistant prostate cancer in 1Q19; and is followed by a planned 3Q19 clinical trial initiation for the orally bioavailable, estrogen receptor-targeted PROTAC® protein degrader ARV-471 for ER+ locally advanced or metastatic breast cancer. I will present learnings from these programs. Additionally, I will discuss results for tau-targeted PROTAC protein degraders for potential application in Alzheimer’s disease and other tauopathies.

6:00 Antibody-Mediated Delivery of Protein Degraders

Dragovich_PeterPeter Dragovich, PhD, Staff Scientist, Discovery Chemistry, Genentech

Chimeric Chemical Inducers of DEgradation (CIDEs) which effect intracellular degradation of target proteins via E3 ligase-mediated ubiquitination are currently of high interest in medicinal chemistry. However, these entities are relatively large compounds that often possess molecular characteristics which may compromise oral bioavailability, solubility, and/or in vivo pharmacokinetic properties. Accordingly, we explored whether conjugation of CIDEs to monoclonal antibodies using technologies originally developed for cytotoxic payloads might provide alternate delivery options for these agents.

6:30 Dinner Short Course Registration
Click here for details on short courses offered.

9:30 Close of Day

9月19日(木)

7:00 am Registration Open

7:30 Interactive Breakfast Breakout Discussion Groups - View All Breakouts

Grab a cup of coffee and join a breakout discussion group. These are informal, moderated discussions with brainstorming and interactive problem solving, allowing participants from diverse backgrounds to exchange ideas and experiences and develop future collaborations around a focused topic.

Designing and Optimizing Chemistry and Drug-Like Properties of Protein Degraders

Moderators: Ye Che, PhD, Head of Computational Design, Discovery Sciences, Pfizer, Inc.

Michael Plewe, PhD, Vice President, Medicinal Chemistry, Cullgen, Inc.

  • Design of protein degraders, linkers
  • Kinetics of binding and degradation
  • Ternary complex formation

Novel Strategies for Protein Degradation

Moderator: Stewart Fisher, PhD, CSO, C4 Therapeutics 

  • Applying enzymology concepts to the optimization of targeted protein degraders
  • Developing biochemical and cell-based assays for studying protein degradation
  • Protein degradation beyond bi-functional degraders

Overcoming Translation Challenges

Moderators: Peter Dragovich, PhD, Staff Scientist, Discovery Chemistry, Genentech

Shaomeng Wang, PhD, Warner-Lambert/Parke-Davis Professor of Medicine, Pharmacology and Medicinal Chemistry; Co-Director, Molecular Therapeutics Program and Director, Cancer Drug Discovery Program, University of Michigan

  • Pursuing previously undruggable protein targets
  • Exploring use of PROTACs and other protein degraders for oncology
  • Issues surrounding PK/PD, biotransformation, in vivo pharmacology, and delivery

8:30 Transition to Sessions

タンパク質分解のための新たなリガンドと標的の同定

8:40 Chairperson’s Remarks

Ye Che, PhD, Head of Computational Design, Discovery Sciences, Pfizer, Inc.

8:45 Targeted Protein Degradation for Treatment of Cancer

Plewe_MichaelMichael Plewe, PhD, Vice President, Medicinal Chemistry, Cullgen, Inc.

Targeted protein degradation using bifunctional molecules to remove specific proteins by hijacking the ubiquitin proteasome system has emerged as a novel drug discovery approach. Several challenges remain in designing optimal degraders that also show efficacy in vivo. We will present case studies from our ongoing efforts in the design and biological evaluation of novel degraders for selected oncology targets that display in vivo activity in mouse models.

9:15 Targeted Degradation of IRAK4 Protein Via Heterobifunctional Small Molecules for Treatment of MYD88 Mutant Lymphoma

Matthew Weiss, PhD, Head, Chemistry, Kymera Therapeutics

KYM-001 is a first-in-class, potent, selective and orally active IRAK4 degrader that causes tumor regression in ABC-DLBCL models. Degradation of IRAK4 removes both the kinase and scaffolding functions of IRAK4 and may be superior to kinase inhibition alone. These data support IRAK4 degraders as a promising new therapeutic opportunity for MYD88-driven lymphoma, both alone and in combination with other targeted approaches such as BTK inhibition.

9:45 Establishing a Platform for High-Throughput Identification and Profiling of Target Degraders

Robinson_JamesJames Robinson, PhD, Team Leader, Discovery Sciences, AstraZeneca

Target degradation can provide additional benefits over target inhibition and can in some cases enable targets that were previously considered intractable. Here I present our approaches to identify degraders of two high profile drug targets. In the first case we deployed a suite of high throughput plate-based assays to enable profiling and optimisation of a series of PROTACs. In the second case we performed a high throughput screen to identify novel small molecule degraders.

10:15 Coffee Break in the Exhibit Hall with Poster Viewing and Poster Competition Winner Announced

10:55 Computational Design of PROTACs

Che_YeYe Che, PhD, Head of Computational Design, Discovery Sciences, Pfizer, Inc.

Orthosteric and allosteric modulators of enzyme function or receptor signaling are well-established mechanisms of drug action. Drugs that promote novel protein-protein interactions and induce protein degradation promise to dramatically expand opportunities for therapeutic intervention. This approach is more difficult for rational design due to the extensive contact surfaces that must be perturbed antagonistically. Here, I will highlight recent applications of computational methods in the design and optimization of targeted protein degraders.

11:25 Structure-Based Design of Degraders

Nowak_RadoslawRadoslaw Nowak, PhD, Scientist, Laboratory of Dr. Eric Fischer, Department of Cancer Biology, Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, Harvard Medical School

Small molecule degraders have shown considerable promise as a new pharmacological modality. With the mounting structural information on degrader mediated ligase-substrate interactions we are beginning to understand the rationale for target recruitment and selectivity. This presentation will describe a recently developed framework for use of computational tools, such as protein-protein docking, for accelerating degrader design.

11:55 In Silico Modeling of PROTAC-Mediated Ternary Complexes for Predicting Protein Degradation

Drummond_MichaelMichael Drummond, PhD, Scientific Applications Manager, Chemical Computing Group

Successful development of Proteolysis-Targeting Chimeras (PROTACs) hinges upon the ability to rationally modify and design new PROTACs. We have recently developed a suite of computational tools for generating ensembles of PROTAC-mediated ternary complexes. Furthermore, we propose metrics based on available experimental knowledge to identify the structures within the larger ensemble that are likely to degrade. We demonstrate the utility of our methods in a number of scenarios, including across different targets and PROTAC molecules.

12:25 pm Session Break

12:35 Luncheon Presentation (Sponsorship Opportunity Available) or Enjoy Lunch on Your Own

1:25 Refreshment Break in the Exhibit Hall with Poster Viewing

タンパク質分解の新たな手法と応用分野

2:05 Chairperson’s Remarks

Nello Mainolfi, PhD, Founder and CSO, Kymera Therapeutics, Inc.


2:10 KEYNOTE PRESENTATION AND DISCUSSION: New Approaches to Challenging Targets in Cancer

Gray_NathanaelNathanael S. Gray, PhD, Professor of Biological Chemistry and Molecular Pharmacology, Dana-Farber Cancer Institute

The development of new anti-cancer therapies continues to be massively outpaced by the rapidly expanding knowledge into the biological mechanisms that underpin the development of cancer. One major obstacle is that many potentially interesting targets are challenging to drug. This lecture will focus on strategies using covalent inhibitors and small molecule degraders which hold the promise of making many previously challenging targets druggable. In particular, we will focus on the use of these approaches to target kinases and present some key advantages of small molecule degraders including potency, selectivity and abrogation of non-kinase activity-dependent functions. We will also describe efforts to target KRAS – a notorious and frequent oncogene that has been recalcitrant to small molecule approaches.

3:10 Novel Strategies for Oncoprotein Degradation

Willem den Besten, PhD, Senior Scientific Researcher, Genentech

Targeted protein degradation has the potential to open the door to therapeutic targets previously deemed undruggable. In this talk, I will present the characterization of two ligase ligands and show how target deg-radation coupled with modulation of ligase biology leads to increased cellular efficacy. I will also share results on a new method for inducing the degradation of an ubiquitin ligase.

3:40 E3 Ubiquitin Ligases for PROTACs Discovery

Matthieu Schapira, PhD, Principal Investigator, Structural Genomics Consortium and Associate Professor, Pharmacology & Toxicology, University of Toronto

To be active, a PROTAC must induce the formation of a productive complex between a target of interest and a structurally and functionally compatible E3 ubiquitin ligase. Considering that less than ten E3 ligases out of over 600 in the human proteome are exploited by current PROTACs, extending the repertoire of lig-ands to E3 ligases with a variety of structural properties as well as diverse temporal and spatial expression profiles should considerably expand potential applications of PROTACs for chemical biology, and broaden the horizon for future drug discovery efforts. I will review the classification, ubiquitin-proteasome system association, tissue expression profile and druggability of human E3 ligases.

4:10 Close of Conference
Please click here to return to the agenda for Emerging Ubiquitin and Autophagy Targets

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