Cambridge Healthtech Instituteの第5回年次
Small Molecules for Cancer Targets - Part 2
PLENARY KEYNOTE PROGRAM
Plenary Keynote Introduction (Sponsorship Opportunity Available)10:45 am
PLENARY: The New Science of Therapeutics
I will share reflections on how new paradigms in the science of therapeutics are creating opportunities to approach historic challenges in medicine. Specifically, I will share approaches to targeting transcription factors and discuss how modularity is a paradigm for next-generation low-molecular weight and biological therapeutics. Finally, I will offer reflections on drug development and the fitness, opportunities, and challenges of the biomedical ecosystem.
PLENARY: Accelerating Drug Discovery Using Machine Learning and Cell Painting Images
Microscopy images can reveal whether a cell is diseased, is responding to a drug treatment, or whether a pathway has been disrupted by a genetic mutation. In a strategy called image-based profiling, often using the Cell Painting assay, we extract hundreds of features of cells from images. Just like transcriptional profiling, the similarities and differences in the patterns of extracted features reveal connections among diseases, drugs, and genes.
Enjoy Lunch on Your Own12:25 pm
Welcome Remarks1:45 pm
INHIBITING E3 LIGASE CBL-B: AN IMMUNO-ONCOLOGY STRATEGY
Chairperson’s Remarks1:50 pm
FEATURED PRESENTATION: Discovery and Optimization of a Novel Series Potent and Selective Cbl-b Inhibitors
Casitas B lymphoma-b (Cbl-b) is a member of the Cbl family of RING E3 ubiquitin ligases that has been shown as a central player in regulating effector T cell function. Multiple studies using gene-targeting approaches have provided direct evidence that Cbl-b negatively regulates T and NK-cell activation. Herein we describe our structure-based drug discovery (SBDD) campaign towards the optimization of a novel series of Cbl-b inhibitors, which demonstrate robust T cell activation and biochemical selectivity toward c-Cbl with promising physicochemical properties, and represent a suitable starting point for in vivo studies
Discovery and Optimization of CBL-B Inhibitors
The CBL-B E3 ubiquitin ligase functions as a negative regulator of T cell receptor activation. We report discovery of NX-1607, an orally bioavailable CBL-B inhibitor that demonstrates anti-tumor activity in multiple preclinical tumor models. NX-1607 triggers rapid NK and T cell infiltration of tumors and shows increased frequency of tumor rejection in combination with anti-PD-1. Our studies provide rationale for clinical development of NX-1607 in advanced malignancies.
Sponsored Presentation (Opportunity Available)2:55 pm
Refreshment Break in the Exhibit Hall with Poster Viewing3:25 pm
DRUGGING CBL-B and OTHER TPD-RELATED TARGETS FOR IO
Developing an Assay Cascade to Target Cbl-b
Casitas B-lineage lymphoma-b (CBL-B) is a member of the CBL family of RING E3 ubiquitin ligases. CBL-B negatively regulates T cell receptor signaling and T cell activation and its inhibition leads to immune activation. This makes CBL-B an attractive target for cancer immunology, with inhibitors having the potential to be broadly active in multiple oncology indications. Here we discuss the use of biochemical, biophysical, and cellular assays, for hit finding and lead development, applied to identifying and developing CBL-B inhibitors with isoform selectivity and cellular potency.
Close of Day8:00 pm
Registration and Morning Coffee7:30 am
EMERGING SMALL MOLECULE CANCER TARGETS
Chairperson’s Remarks8:00 am
MALT1 Inhibition Is Effective and Shows Synergistic Activity with Venetoclax in Models of B Cell Lymphoma
MALT1 has a central role in the integration of the B cell signaling pathway, and therapeutic targeting of this protease has generated interest for the treatment of aggressive lymphomas. We will present the discovery of ABBV-MALT1, a potent and selective inhibitor of MALT1. Further, we will illustrate the observed mechanistic rationale for synergy between ABBV-MALT1 and the BCL2 inhibitor venetoclax. This combination results in superior efficacy in models of aggressive lymphoma.
Discovery of an Orally Active Small Molecule Inhibitor of ENL YEATS, for Treatment of Hematologic Malignancies
Eleven-nineteen leukemia (ENL) is an epigenetic reader protein that drives oncogenic transcriptional programs in acute myeloid leukemia (AML). AML is one of the deadliest hematopoietic malignancies, with an overall 5-year survival rate of 27%. In this presentation, we identified ENL inhibitors based on genetic validation, virtual screening, SBDD and FEP+ calculations with improved pharmacokinetic profiles and are appropriate for in vivo evaluation of the ENL inhibition mechanism in AML.
Disrupting the YAP-TEAD Protein-Protein Interaction with Small Molecules: Discovery of Drug Candidate NVP-IAG933
The inhibition of the YAP-TEAD protein-protein interaction constitutes a promising approach for the treatment of cancers associated with a dysregulation of the Hippo pathway. Starting from a weakly active hit binding to one of the two main sites of interaction of YAP at the surface of TEAD, we managed to improve the potency of this hit class by several orders of magnitude, and to identify inhibitors with cellular activity, which displayed efficacy in tumor-bearing mice after oral administration. The main features of this work will be presented finally leading to the discovery of our clinical compound NVP-IAG933.
Repurposed Drugs and Novel Compounds for Cancer Metastasis Inhibition
We newly identified the gene Metastasis associated in colon cancer 1 (MACC1). This gene induces cancer cell proliferation, motility and metastasis in mice. Here we introduce the audience into novel options for development of anti-metastatic therapy strategies by using repurposed small molecule drugs and novel compounds for cancer metastasis inhibition.
In-Person Group Discussions10:05 am
Coffee Break in the Exhibit Hall with Poster Viewing10:50 am
PATTERN RECOGNITION RECEPTORS IN CANCER AND IMMUNITY
Characterizing the Distribution of a STING Agonist and Its Metabolites in Mouse Liver by MALDI Imaging Mass Spectrometry
MALDI imaging mass spectrometry (IMS) was used to quantify the distribution of a STING (stimulator of interferon genes) agonist under early discovery in liver collected from a mouse model after oral dosing. The parent drug was detected with a zonal distribution localized in the portal triad, specifically localized to the cellular populations in the sinusoids including the target cellular population Kupffer cells. A series of drug-related metabolites was detected to localize in the central zones. The study exemplified that multiple pharmacokinetic properties of a drug can be characterized with spatial context by MALDI IMS.
Targeting RIG-1 for Cancer
I will discuss novel RIG-I agonists, which we are initially advancing clinically against influenza, but that also play a role in cancer due to their central role in innate immunity. Activation of RIG-I induces interferon signaling cascades that activate the immune system to recognize tumor cells.
Sponsored Presentation (Opportunity Available)12:30 pm
Transition to Lunch1:00 pm
Luncheon Presentation (Sponsorship Opportunity Available) or Enjoy Lunch on Your Own1:05 pm
Dessert Break in the Exhibit Hall with Last Chance for Poster Viewing1:35 pm
DEGRADING ONCOGENIC TRANSCRIPTION FACTORS
Understanding the Recruitment of Zinc-Finger-Based Transcription Factors to Cereblon in the Presence of Molecular Glues
Transcription factors are known to bind to cereblon in the presence of molecular glues and some reports implicate interactions with multiple zinc fingers. We present biophysical and structural assessments of the minimal binding domains of IKZF2 and another transcription factor revealing that two zinc fingers interact with cereblon:glue complexes. In these examples, the binding modes are distinct and may have implications for the design of selective degraders.
Discovery and Characterization of an IKZF2 Selective Molecular Glue Degrader with Best-in-Class Potential
IKZF2 (Helios) plays an important role in maintaining stability and function of regulatory T cells (Tregs). Proteovant applied a structure-guided drug discovery approach to identify an IKZF2 selective molecular glue degrader, PVTX-405. PVTX-405 shows selective degradation of IKZF2 in vitro and in vivo. PVTX-405 treatment reduces suppressive activity of human Treg cells ex vivo and delays growth of MC38 tumors in immune competent mice in vivo.
New Technologies for Advancing the Targeted Protein Degradation
The Jian Jin Laboratory at Mount Sinai is a leader in discovering novel degraders targeting oncogenic proteins and developing new technologies for advancing the targeted protein degradation field. Our lab’s recent progress advancing the targeted protein degradation, including TF-PROTAC, Bridged PROTAC, Folate-caged PROTAC, opto-PROTAC, and KEAP1-recruiting PROTAC technologies will be presented.
Targeted Degradation of STAT Proteins
STAT (signal transducer and activator of transcription) proteins are a family of transcription factors that mediate signal transduction downstream of cytokine and growth factor receptors. Hyperactivation of STAT3 and STAT5 has been linked to cancer cell proliferation, survival, stemness, and immune evasion, making them attractive targets for cancer therapy. STATs have been difficult to target by traditional small-molecule inhibitors. Employing the PROTAC technology, we have developed highly selective and potent STAT3 or STAT5 degraders with strong anti-tumor activities in hematologic cancer models.
Close of Conference4:20 pm