8:00 Registration, Exhibit Viewing/Poster Setup, Coffee and Pastries
8:50 Organizer’s Welcome and Opening Remarks
9:00 Solving the Impedance Mismatch between Patient Sample and POC Diagnostic System
John C. Carrano, PhD, President and CEO, Paratus Diagnostics, LLC
In this paper we posit that in order to realize pragmatic point-of-care medical diagnostic devices capable of meeting the rigorous requirements of CLIA waiver, that one must solve the inherent “impedance mismatch” between the clinical acquisition of a human patient sample and its delivery to the POC Dx system or device. We work from the assumption that specimen acquisition from the patient must follow standard clinical practice, and that the POC system (e.g. “device”) will be designed to follow a yet to be determined international interface standard (similar in principle to the now ubiquitous Luer-Lock standard). We will present a design concept for a “specimen delivery system” and the associated proposed interface standard, along with experimental data from preliminary rapid prototype models.
9:30 Automated Sample Preparation in a Portable Field Unit
Michael Connolly, PhD, President and CEO, Integrated Nano-Technologies, LLC
Integrated Nano-Technologies has been developing a fully automated sample preparation system for use in the field or in laboratories. The system consist of a portable battery powered unit and a plastic disposable cartridge. The cartridge can automate sample disruption (chemical and ultrasonic bead beating), magnetic separation, filtration, size-exclusion chromatography, and PCR in a single cartridge. The disposable cartridge has more than 20 chambers and utilizes a revolver valve system to address chambers and move fluids. The process flow can be modified depending upon the needs of the user. Additional processing steps can be carried out in temperature controlled reaction chambers. Isolation of nucleic acids has been carried out from a wide variety of samples including blood, tissue, insects, soil and air filters. RNA, DNA or protein can be isolated from the samples with high efficiency. RNA and DNA isolated from samples has been PCR amplified and is also suitable for use in automated gene sequencing systems. The cartridges have also been designed with an archiving chamber to preserve part of the sample for alternative analytic processes if needed. A multi-channel system is also being built which can process 10 samples simultaneously.
10:00 Addressing Real-World Genomics through Integrated Sample-To Answer Systems
Dennis W. Harris, DPhil, Chief Scientific Officer, IntegenX, Inc.
IntegenX is leveraging MOVe™ valve technology to enable the integration of large volume, real-world samples with microfluidic chip-driven devices that for the first time allows true sample-in, answer-out solutions for genomics analysis. This eliminates the need for highly skilled operators and, opens up the possibility to apply sophisticated genomic analysis in non-laboratory settings. The RapidHIT 200 Human Identification system generates actionable information in a usable time frame for law enforcement, anti-terrorism and immigration. This talk will focus on the results from deployment of the System in the context of law enforcement.
10:30 Networking Refreshment Break, Exhibit/Poster Viewing
11:00 A Microfluidic Toolbox for Integrated Sample Prep
Claudia Gärtner, PhD, CEO, microfluidic ChipShop GmbH, Germany
We have developed a set of microfluidic functionalities for sample prep in a modular toolbox fashion. This allows to flexibly combining these modules for the integration of complex sample prep protocols into integrated microfluidics-based devices used for applications such as molecular diagnostics, multiplexed pathogen detection or human identification. Development and integration strategies for such devices will be presented.
11:30 Low Cost Sample-to-Sequence Device for Human & Pathogen ID
David Cohen, PhD, Program Manager, Advanced Liquid Logic
Advanced Liquid Logic has built and tested a sample-to-sequence microfluidic system. The system is comprised of a low-cost, disposable microfluidic cartridge and an analyzer based on the commercially-available R110 platform. The cartridge can accept up to 250µL of crude sample. Sequencing is accomplished using a modified version of the pyrosequencing reaction. To date, 22 STR loci (single tandem repeat) and 10 fungal pathogens have been sequenced on this platform.
12:00 Self-Powered Multiplex Immunoassay Platform
Zhenyu Li, PhD, Assistant Professor of Electrical and Computer Engieernig / Biomedical Engineering, The George Washington University
We have developed a general bead-based microfluidic platform for multiplex heterogeneous immunoassays such as ELISA and Fluorescence Immunoassays (FIA). The microfabricated device is driven by capillary force, thus eliminating centrifugal or magnetic washing steps, and its unique size-differentiating microfluidic trapping of multiple bead species enables mulplex (>10) immunoassays on a single device using only one enzymatic or fluorescent label. The device is ideally suited for handheld IVD systems if integrated with a handheld chemiluminescence or fluorescence reader en abled bythe emerging optofluidic technology.
12:30 Luncheon Sponsored by the Knowledge Foundation Membership Program
2:00 The NCI Cancer Human Biobank (caHUB): A National Center for Biospecimen Science and Standards Development
Latarsha Carithers, PhD, Project Manager, Office of Biorepositories and Biospecimen Research, National Cancer Institute
The Office of Biorepositories and Biospecimen Research (OBBR) at the National Cancer Institute (NCI) was established in 2005 to address the lack of high-quality human biospecimens available for disease research. The cancer Human Biobank (caHUB) is OBBR’s main infrastructure for conducting biospecimen research and consists of a network of medical centers, a comprehensive data center, pathologists, and molecular analysis facilities. caHUB carries out specialized tissue and data procurements, within a stringent ethical, legal, and regulatory framework, using evidence-based protocols and a comprehensive quality program to generate high-quality and well annotated biospecimens.
2:30 No Culture, No Assembly, Direct Sequencing To Microbe Identification
John Jakupciak, PhD, Researcher, Cipher
We demonstrate Population-Direct-Analysis (PDA) the use of Next Generation sequencing (NGS) to characterize all genomes in a mixture, directly, without post-assembly, without culture purification, and distinguish between closely related populations. This research offers promise of bio informatics coupled with direct sequencing as a reliable approach to characterize pathogens (bacteria and viruses) in a sample. Author will cover the strengths and limitations of the immediate analysis of raw data output.
3:00 Use of a Novel Online Pretreatment and Tandem LCMS Approach for Removal of Anionic Interferences for Analysis of Hormone Active Compounds in Environmental Samples
Robert Classon, Shimadzu Scientific Instruments
Hormone compounds, such as naturally occurring estrogens, may be present in water. Analysis of these compounds can be difficult depending on the presence of contaminants such as humic acids. In this study, a new on-line pretreatment column (MASK) is used to reduce background noise and ion suppression by removing humic acid type contaminants from environmental samples at neutral pH. This MASK column also increases the life of the analytical column.
3:30 Networking Refreshment Break, Exhibit/Poster Viewing
4:00 Human Virus Detection by Tissue Culture and Molecular Methods for Reliable Detection of Infective Viral Particles in Sludge
Yossi Manor, Central Virology Laboratory, Sheba Medical Centre, Israelem>
Wastewater reclamation has become a critical issue as the demand for water increases. The growing number of sewage treatment facilities create large quantities of sludge as a byproduct of the process. The strict environmental regulations underscore the importance of finding a practical solution for this sludge. One logical solution is to use this high concentrated organic matter product as fertilizer for agriculture. Still, this approach poses public health threats. Regulations for the microbial contents of sludge for agriculture have been defined, yet the methodology for detection is still under consideration, especially for viruses. This work compares the classical tissue culture method to the real time PCR (rtPCR) method. Main conclusions of this work were: a) Tissue culture is a reliable method to identify infective viral particles but is time-consuming and limited for the detection of cultivable viruses. b) RtPCR is a faster and more sensitive method than the tissue culture method. A pretreatment using nuclease enzyme for the detection and elimination of incomplete viral particles is needed. However, the pretreatment cannot ensure that all particles detected are infectious. c) Even though the rtPCR can detect non-cultivable viruses, it is still limited for viruses chosen to be analyzed. The development of a fast and reliable method is critical to reduce both false negative and positive viral detection in processed batches of sludge. By extension, this will increase the safety of resulting fertilizer and significantly reduce public health risk.
4:30 Where "Do Voice of Customer" and Open Innovation Fit in Developing a Sample Prep Platform
Robert Speziale, Vice President, Invetech, Inc.
The challenge of developing a sample preparation platform is a delicate balance of knowing the application, knowing the end user, and solid scientific practice. Although there are many other factors these are the choice few that marketing, R & D, product managers, and engineers spend loads of time pondering to develop the platforms for sample preparation. Two concepts in developing products that have gained favor in the past decade are Voice of Customer and Open Innovation. In this presentation, we will explore some of the uses and abuses of these tools. The challenge is always to try to establish a product and user requirements specification that can move on to form the basis of a best-in-class sample preparation platform. The reality is that these tools often lead the development teams on for weeks or months without being able to deliver a completed specification. So, development goes on while the specification is being completed. The result is scope creep and delays in development as well as added cost to the developer. So how do we achieve “first time right” results with so many variables in the mix?
5:00 Exhibitors and Sponsors Showcase Presentations and Concluding Discussion
5:45 End of Day One